Firewall iptables ufw Disable/Enable in Debian (Ubuntu)

29 Июн


List all running rules

To view the current firewall rules:

iptables -L -v

Disable and flush iptables

To disable the firewall temporarily, flush all rules.

sudo iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
sudo iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
sudo iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT
sudo iptables -F

Deny all traffic

To block everything, drop all packets on all chains.

sudo iptables -P INPUT DROP
sudo iptables -P OUTPUT DROP
sudo iptables -P FORWARD DROP

A common example

Here is a common example to allow SSH, HTTP and HTTPS, but drop everything else.
Step 1

Append a rule to the INPUT chain:

Protocol TCP
Destination port 22, 80 & 443

For those packets, jump to ACCEPT.

sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

Step 2

Append a rule to the INPUT chain: Drop everything else.

sudo iptables -A INPUT -j DROP


Enable UFW with the default set of rules:

sudo ufw enable

View status
Check the status of the server firewall with

sudo ufw status

Disable UFW

sudo ufw disable

Reset UFW to default

sudo ufw reset

Example: Allow SSH, deny all other

A trivial example that blocks all inbound traffic except SSH (port 22).

sudo ufw default deny incoming
sudo ufw default allow outgoing
sudo ufw allow ssh

Allow connections

If you are running a web server, you want the world to be able to access your website(s). Therefore, you need to make sure that the default TCP ports for web are open.

sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
sudo ufw allow 443/tcp

In general, you can allow any port you need by using the following format:

sudo ufw allow /

Deny connections
If you need to deny access to a certain port, use the deny command:

sudo ufw deny /

For example, you can deny access to your default MySQL port:

sudo ufw deny 3306

UFW also supports a simplified syntax for the most common service ports:

sudo ufw deny mysql

Rule updated
Rule updated (v6)

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